“Girl” by Jamaica Kincaid p. 122 “The Man to Send Rainclouds” by Leslie Marmon Silko p. 242 “The Things They Carried” by Tim O’Brien p. 484 “Barn Burning” by William Faulkner p. 1267 “Dear Mountain Room Parents” by Maria Semple p. 887 “Greasy Lake” by T. Coraghessan Boyle p. 103 Helping links: The things they carried: https://www.shmoop.com/things-they-carried/summary.html https://www.gradesaver.com/the-things-they-carried/study-guide/summary https://study.com/academy/lesson/things-they-carried-summary-characters-themes.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8cOvKzERBL0 Girl: https://www.enotes.com/topics/girl-kincaid https://www.sparknotes.com/short-stories/girl/summary/ http://panmore.com/analysis-jamaica-kincaid-girl Barn burning: https://www.sparknotes.com/short-stories/barn-burning/summary/ https://owlcation.com/humanities/Summary-and-Analysis-of-Barn-Burning-by-William-Faulkner Greasy Lake: https://www.litcharts.com/lit/greasy-lake/summary-and-analysis https://www.gradesaver.com/greasy-lake/study-guide/summary
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An Introduction to Literature
LITERATURE FOR COMPOSITION
SYLVAN BARNET WILLIAM BURTO WILLIAM E. CAIN CHERYL NIXON
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LITERATURE FOR COM POSITION
A n Introduction to Literature
BARNET BURTO CAIN
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E L E V E N T H E D I T I O N
Literature for Composition An Introduction to Literature
Sylvan Barnet Tufts University
William Burto University of Massachusetts at Lowell
William E. Cain Wellesley College
Cheryl L. Nixon University of Massachusetts at Boston
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Names: Barnet, Sylvan, editor. | Burto, William, editor. | Cain, William E., date-editor. | Pearson, Cheryl L. Nixon, editor. Title: Literature for composition : an introduction to literature / [edited by] Sylvan Barnet, William Burto, William E. Cain, Cheryl L. Nixon Pearson. Description: Eleventh edition. | Boston : Pearson, 2016. | Previous editions had other title information: essays, stories, poems, and plays. | Includes bibliographical references and index. Identifiers: LCCN 2015048640| ISBN 9780134099149 (student edition) | ISBN 0134099141 (student edition) | ISBN 9780134101774 (exam copy) | ISBN 0134101774 (exam copy) Subjects: LCSH: College readers. | English language—Rhetoric—Problems, exercises, etc. | Criticism—Authorship—Problems, exercises, etc. | Academic writing—Problems, exercises, etc. Classification: LCC PE1417 .L633 2016 | DDC 808/.0427—dc23 LC record available at http://lccn.loc.gov/2015048640
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Contents by Genre xxiii Preface xxvii
P A R T I
Thinking Critically about Literature
C H A P T E R 1 How to Write an Effective Essay about Literature: A Crash Course 1
The Basic Strategy 1 Reading Closely: Approaching a First Draft 2
✔ Checklist: Generating Ideas for a Draft 5 Writing and Revising: Achieving a Readable Draft 6
✔ Checklist: Writing and Revising a Draft 9 Revising: Working with Peer Review 9 Preparing the Final Draft 10
C H A P T E R 2 How to Engage in Critical Thinking about Literature: A Crash Course 11
The Basic Strategy 11 What Is Critical Thinking? 12 How Do We Engage in Critical Thinking? 13 Close Reading 14
✔ Checklist: Close Reading 15 Analysis: Inquiry, Interpretation, Argument 15
Inquiry 16 ✔ Checklist: Inquiry and Question-Asking 17 Interpretation 18 ✔ Checklist: Interpretation 19 Argument 19 ✔ Checklist: Argument 20
Comparison and Synthesis 21 ✔ Checklist: Comparison and Synthesis 22
Revision and Self-Awareness 22 Standing Back: Kinds of Writing 23 Nonanalytical versus Analytical Writing 23