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Effects of Back Squat vs. Front Squat on Vertical Jump Performance

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Topic: Effects of Back Squat vs. Front Squat on Vertical Jump Performance

In this section of the concept paper, students will reflect on how and in what ways the study could add to what we already know about the topic, redefine how we think about the topic, and/or how it might impact future work (e.g., scholarly research, theory, practice, interventions and/or policy). Before writing this section of the concept paper, students might find it useful to reflect on the answers to the following questions: 

·  · Who (i.e., individuals, groups, institutions) might benefit from the results of this study? 

·  · How might the findings of this study add to what we already know about the topic? 

·  · Is it possible that the findings of this study could impact the way professionals’ practice in their work places? If yes, how? If no, why not? 

·  · What problems, issues or concerns (e.g., social, political, economic, and environmental, etc.) could be improved or changed by the proposed research? 

·  · Will the results influence policy in any way? 

·  · If the study results were implemented, what innovations might emerge? 

APA format

1-2 pages 

Due Friday April 5, 2019

If you click on the file attached to see how the first part of the paper is. It might help with this section of the paper. 

Running Head: RESEARCH PLAN 1


Effects of Back Squat vs. Front Squat on Vertical Jump Performance

Effects of Back Squat vs. Front Squat on Vertical Jump Performance


The success of athletes as written in Crewther et al. (2017) work is heavily reliant on their ability to generate power from the lower body which in turn helps them to perform skills and tasks specific to the requirement of the sport in question. Volleyball players, for example, rely on high jumps to perform spikes and blocks against their opponents. Crewther et al. (2017) further add that the lower body power is generated by power zones which comprise of the musculature of the lower back, thighs, and hips as well as the posterior lower leg. Realizing this, however, is dependent on squats which help in developing as well as increasing muscular strength.

Crewther et al. (2017) argue that the front squat calls for higher mobility as compared to the back squat and this they explain is because an athlete needs excellent thoracic spine mobility to realize groin and superb hi mobility, shoulder mobility, increased wrist flexibility and keep their chest up. Front squat further helps in keeping ones lower back from rounding and increased ankle mobility. On the other hand, the back squats call for less ankles, hips and shoulder mobility allowing an athlete to jump into them sooner (Crewther et al. 2017). This is an important element for strength gain in training activities as it improves vertical jump to a greater extent as compared to other similar exercises.

Collectively, the training programs that include squats as noted by Crewther et al. (2017) have recorded greater enhancements in vertical jumping as compared to any other programs without this training. The difference in the variations of the two types of squats is however on the placement of the bar. The back squat, for example, has the bar position across the back shoulder when the front squat has the bar in the front shoulder. Each type of squat serve a different purpose but collectively they improve an athlete’s body strength.

Purpose of study

Based on the discussion above, this study aims at comparing the effect of a strength training program verse that of a back-training program on an athlete’s vertical jump performance. The main goal is to establish which is training result in greater performance than the other and thus use the findings to guide the athlete’s reliant on vertical jump performance improve their overall success against their opponents.

Research Question

The main research question for this study will be to investigate the effects of back squat vs. front squat on vertical jump performance. Other supporting questions will focus on addressing which of the two options is more effective over the other as well as whether the same effectiveness applies to all sports activities or only a selective category.


1. The researcher hypotheses that both front and back squat improves vertical jump performance.

2. The second hypothesis both back squat and front squat have the same effectiveness when it comes to vertical jump performance.

3. Lastly, the researcher hypotheses that the effectiveness applies differently in different sports activities with the most efficiency evidence in activities that use of vertical jump.

Study Design

This study will use an experimental research design to compare the effect of the two types of squats in improving vertical jump performance. True experimental research design will be the most accurate for this study as it makes inference to statistical analysis to answer a research question as well as support or disapprove a hypothesis. Additionally, Lipsey (2014) states that; this is the only type of experimental design that establishes a cause-effect relationship within different variables. The following factors will additionally need to be satisfied:

1. Control group and experimental group, the control group will be the participants with the same experimental requirements as the experimental group only that they will not operate as per the rules of the research.

2. The second factor is variable that can be manipulated which in this study will be the type of squat done by the participants

3. Lastly is random distribution of the study participants

Data Collection Method

Data will be collected based on direct observation; this is the selected option as it will; allow the researcher to observe the behaviors of the participants as dictated by study’s need evaluation, frequency counts of the targeted outcome and the dynamics of the situation. Secondly, written reports will be used to document additional data on all stage of the study for a more accurate analysis and documentation of the findings. This will be important as it will help the researcher produce both quantitative and qualitative data on the study.


Crewther, B. T., Kilduff, L. P., Cook, C. J., Middleton, M. K., Bunce, P. J., & Yang, G. Z. (2017). The effects of back squats and front squats on athlete performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research25(12), 3319-3325.

Lipsey, M. W. (2014). Design sensitivity: Statistical power for experimental research (Vol. 19). Sage.

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