Read/review the following resources for this activity:
- Textbook: Chapters 5, 6
- Lecture 1: Collection
- Lecture 2: Analysis – Part 1
- Lecture 3: Analysis – Part 2
- Link (PDF): U.S. Government. A tradecraft primer
- Link (website): Covert Action: A systems approach Wood
While gathering intelligence is key in the process, the analysis of the data is what provides the players with the answers as to how to use the material.
Using a current issue in intelligence you find in the news or open source material from the library, what training is needed and how would you analyze that issue? Consider what is required to understand the intelligence needed, how to gather the intelligence, and finally, how to analyze the information.
Read postings provided by your instructor or fellow students. Read and respond to the conclusions drawn by your classmates. Remember to read the feedback to your own major postings and reply throughout the week.
- In addition to one initial post, respond to at least two peers.
- Initial Post Length: minimum of 250 words
- Secondary Post Length: minimum of 200 words per post
- Using APA format, provide at least one citation with corresponding references page and use appropriate in-text citation(s) referring to the academic concept for the initial post.
Grading and Assessment
Meeting the minimum number of posting does not guarantee an A; you must present an in-depth discussion of high quality, integrate sources to support your assertions, and refer to peers’ comments in your secondary posts to build on concepts.
This activity will be graded using the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric.
Learning Outcome(s): 1, 3, 4, 5
1. Assess the theoretical effectiveness of intelligence and covert action with regard to analyzing governmental structure and national security policy.
3. Define the U.S. Intelligence Community.
4. List the different kinds of intelligence and examine how it is gathered.
5. Examine the history and structure of U.S. intelligence.
POL341 Covert Action and Intelligence Week 3 Lecture 3 Analysis – Part 2
Question the Source
List of Motivations
Who is talking, what is their relationship (Husb-Wife, Guys at the Gym)
Tradecraft Rule 2: Question the Source
Tradecraft Rule 3: Remove Biases
Tradecraft Rule 3: Remove Biases
Game theoretical approaches
Signal Analysis and Early Warning Analysis
Power analysis (or Follow the Money)
Other Analytical Methods
Spreadsheets, Databases, Tools. Recall, all the tech gear that delivers guidance, info needs, processing, analyzing, within a classified process, must talk to each other and be sharable. This is a large problem. This is structural stovepiping, or system driven, vice personality driven.
Just because it is in a computer or database, or on the web, doesn’t mean its credible or true
QUESTION the credibility of every piece of information
“Garbage In, Garbage Out”
Using Computers and Databases
|Rogue State||Attack||$60B $5B+G||$1Tr $5B+G|
|~ Attack||$60B 0||0 0|
Prisoner’s Dilemma: Logic
Mirror-Imaging: They will do what you think is rational
Groupthink: Everybody else thinks X will happen, the tallest nail is hammered first…
Competitive Analysis: Protection of Info and loss of objectivity as individuals and orgs are pitted against each other
Collaborative Analysis: Any problems?
Stovepiping: Systematic and Personality (Tech, Comp Analysis, Secrecy Needs)
Intel trying to make policy
Policy trying to perform intel
Tradecraft Rule 4: Deliver to Your Customer
Know your customer and need (e.g. Tactical or Strategic)
Write for tailored reuse
Products must be discoverable by those who need them
Tradecraft essential, not expendable
Timely electronic dissemination is always the goal
Train to think of customers inclusively
National Intelligence Estimate
Tailored to President’s wishes
The President’s Daily Briefing (PDB)
Tailored to presidents wishes
Senior Executive Intelligence Brief (SEIB)
Daily CIA newspaper
Senior Executive & Military Officials and Legislate oversight
Top Down Delivery Products
These are the collective and collaborative work of the community.
Intelligence not only has to train new recruits but also to educate its customers. This is a formidable task because the latter, at a more advanced age, are very busy people, sure of their own judgment […]. They have to be convinced of what intelligence can, and what it cannot, achieve. — Walter Lacquer, Intelligence Scholar
Policy and Intel
Sherman Kent – Analyst 3 Wishes:
Know Everything (All Source Analysis)
Influence Policy for the Good
You Get Three Wishes
Confident (Confidence Levels)
Admit Product shortcomings
Understand your products and your own inherent biases
Preserve Your Credibility