Pro Academia Help

Applying The Precede-Proceed Model

The Assigned Target Population for the Module 5 Assignment (Applying the Precede-Proceed Model) is school children.

From an ecological perspective, the Precede-Proceed model has been used to plan effective behavior change programs for over three decades. It was originally developed as the Precede model, with the Proceed part concentrating on intervention and evaluation added later.

The PRECEDE acronym stands for Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational and/or Environmental Diagnosis and Evaluation. While the PROCEED acronym represents Policy, Regulatory, and Organizational Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development.

The following phases make up the Precede part:

  • Phase 1: Social Assessment
  • Phase 2: Epidemiological, Behavioral, and Environmental Assessment
  • Phase 3: Educational and Ecological Assessment
  • Phase 4: Administrative and Policy Assessment and Intervention Alignment

The Proceed part of the model consists of:

  • Phase 5: Implementation
  • Phase 6: Process evaluation
  • Phase 7: Impact evaluation
  • Phase 8: Outcome evaluation

The focus of the model is on the outcome rather than the activities. Using the eight phases, you will be asked to apply the Precede-Proceed model to a specific health topic and target population.

Planning, implementing, and evaluating a successful intervention, with its many “moving parts,” requires planners to have a “framework” by which to track the critical aspects of the intervention. Intervention Mapping provides for a sort of scope and sequence timeline, with key decision points, so that decisions can be made efficiently and effectively at these key points of planning, implementation, and evaluation. Intervention Mapping allows planners to use theory constructs to assess needs and strengths of a population, and design initiatives to address (needs) or utilize (strengths) these in a systematic order. As with any event, the process requires specific planning, and in public health education, Intervention Mapping can be a meaningful tool.

Both the Precede-Proceed model and Intervention Mapping will assist you in utilizing theory and effectively designing health interventions. Using theory and planning models as a basis for designing health interventions will result in more successful outcomes for target populations.

While the target population will be assigned by your Instructor, you will be asked to select a topic from the Topics document found in this module’s Resources.

To prepare:

  • Download the Topics document from your Learning Resources and select one topic to focus on.
  • Review the Module 5 Resources.

Submit a 6- to 7-page paper (not including title page or references) that includes the following:

Title page

Section headers addressing each of the following required sections for the narrative:

  1. In your own words, provide a brief description of the Precede-Proceed model.
  2. Using the Phase 2: Epidemiological, Behavioral, and Environmental Assessment, expand upon the factors you selected for this phase.
    1. Discuss/compare the behavior/lifestyle and environmental factors for your topic and target group.
    2. Explain why these were selected and deemed important to the health topic and target group.
  3. Using the Phase 3-Educational and Ecological assessment, discuss the predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors for your topic and target group.
    1. Explain why these were selected and deemed important to the health topic and target group.
  4. Using the Phase 4-Administration and policy assessment and Intervention Alignment, discuss the health education and policy regulation factors for your topic and target group.
    1. Explain why these were selected and deemed important to the health topic and target group.
  5. Briefly discuss how Phases 5–8 of the Proceed part of the model apply to your topic and target group.
  6. Summarize the Precede-Proceed Model and its application to your selected target group and assigned health topic.

Include a reference list using APA format.


  • Cite the sources within your text where you refer to them, using APA format.
  • Be sure to include peer-reviewed journal articles that establish the evidence-based research for your responses.
  • Be sure to present your narrative in paragraph form and avoid simply listing or bulleting the information.
  • Your final document should include title page, the narrative and an APA reference list presented in the format as described in the instructions.Module 5: Precede-Proceed Model and Intervention Mapping (Weeks 8–9)

    Aymelek is a middle-aged employee at a metropolitan health department. She supports a group of Middle Eastern refugees living in a rural community where community and religious groups have been mobilized to offer support. A plan is needed to offer direction to these groups, so the Middle Eastern refugees can be provided with essential necessities and assistance.

    Health-related issues are often very complex. Making sense of all the aspects of the issue can be challenging. Planning models such as Precede-Proceed and Intervention Mapping are often described as maps, blueprints, or GPS systems, and are useful tools to help public health and health education professionals analyze and make sense of such problems.

    Precede-Proceed and Intervention Mapping provide direction to plan, implement, and evaluate effective health programs and interventions. These models use the theories and their constructs/levels to enable successful planning and to develop interventions that address defined health issues for specific target populations. Unlike the theories/models you have examined previously, these models do not attempt to explain or predict behavior. Rather, they allow the planner to systematically create programs utilizing those theoretical constructs to create successful outcomes. These models also provide guidance for the application of theories/models and the development of effective evaluation methods within interventions.

    Applying the constructs of the Precede Proceed Model, what impact might the model have on planning the essential needs and services for the Middle Eastern refugees that Aymelek is working with?

    In this module, you will examine and apply the Precede-Proceed and Intervention Mapping models to design various health programs and interventions.


    Please Note:

    Two different versions of the Precede-Proceed Model are evident in your resource materials. The difference between the two depictions of the Model, is that one has 8 phases and one has 9 phases. The differences are in actuality quite minor, with the 8 phase description simply combining, in phase 2, Epidemiological with Behavioral and Environmental Assessment ( Behavioral and Environmental Assessment are a separate phase in the other depiction of the Model). The combining of the two, shifts the numbering system for the other phases, as well. You will find the other phases remain the same, but their numbers are off.







    · Chapter 19, “Planning Models for Theory-Based Health Promotion Interventions” (pp. 359–383) Retrieved from






Call to Action

Calculate Price

Price (USD)